PHP is one of the most popular scripting languages on the web today. According to W3Techs, PHP is used by over 78% of all the websites who use a server-side programming language. This means for almost every 8 out of 10 websites you visit, they are most likely utilizing PHP in some form or another which also means that PHP is not dead. And of course, it plays a very vital role as it pertains to the WordPress ecosystem, as the entire CMS is built on PHP.
A dilemma we are facing today is that many businesses, developers, and hosts have fallen behind when it comes to supporting the latest PHP versions. Some of the statistics below might even shock you. Today we want to discuss some of the reasons why it is so important that everyone uses the latest PHP versions, not only for security reasons but also for better performance and support.
- Why Are There Old PHP Versions?
- Reasons Why You Should Update PHP Versions
- Make Sure Your Host Supports the Latest PHP Versions
- Check your Current Version of PHP
- What Should Less Tech-Savvy Users or Those Without a Budget Do?
- How to Update PHP
Old PHP Versions
As with any piece of software, PHP has a release life cycle in which has to adhere to in order to keep pushing things forward and making improvements. Each major release of PHP is typically fully supported for two years after its release. During that time, bugs and security issues are fixed and patched on a regular basis.
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PHP 5.6 and PHP 7.0 End of Life
As of December 3rd, 2018, PHP 7.0 has reached its end of life. This means it will no longer have security support and could be exposed to unpatched security vulnerabilities. Following suit, as of December 31st, 2018, PHP 5.6 also reached its end of life. This officially marks the end of an era for PHP 5, as the first version, 5.0 was launched 14 years ago.
According to the official WordPress Stats page, as of writing this, over 57% of WordPress users are still on PHP 5.6 or lower. If you combine this with PHP 7.0, a whopping 77.5% of users are currently using PHP versions that is no longer supported as of January 2019.
It’s even scarier if you look at the stats outside of the WordPress community. According to W3Techs, PHP 5 is currently used by 73.1% of all websites who use PHP.
This is not only bad from a security perspective, but also because there is still a large portion of WordPress sites that aren’t taking advantage of the additional performance enhancements with PHP 7.
Why the Slow Adoption of Newer Versions?
The main reason for the lack of faster adoption for new versions most likely comes down a few different factors:
- The number one reason we see from new customers that migrate to Kinsta is that business owners don’t know or care about their PHP version. This, of course, is understandable in some cases as we don’t expect everyone to know this. Many times this responsibility falls on the developer, agency, or host.
- It takes time for developers to update their code to support newer versions of PHP. This includes those that develop websites, themes, plugins, etc.
- Not only does it require effort and time to update code, it also can require extensive testing to ensure compatibility. The WordPress repository alone has over 49,000 plugins!
- Many WordPress hosts have been reluctant to push out updated PHP versions because this could end up resulting in additional support tickets if it breaks a site. As a WordPress host we definitely understand this, but from our experience, this is typically the other way around. Many support issues we see are from issues caused by older PHP versions.
- The developer or agency might be stuck between a rock and a hard place when dealing with a client and other 3rd party applications they are unwilling to spend resources on updating.
However, with all that being said, it is still not an excuse to run on PHP versions that are out of date, not supported, and actually could be slowing your WordPress site down. The good news is that there is some progress being made. Jordi Boggiano, co-founder of Private Packagist, puts together a report each year on PHP usage statistics. And as you can see below, there is some movement forward. This is of course just a sample subset of Composer installs, but still interesting to see the changes.
Reasons Why You Should Update PHP Versions
Check out some of the reasons below why you should think about updating if you haven’t already.
One of the most important reasons to update PHP is to ensure you are running on a version that is fully supported and patched regularly for security vulnerabilities. PHP 5.4 has not been patched since 2015. And PHP 5.5 has not been patched since 2016. It is important to note though, that some operating system vendors still update older versions of PHP if they included it.
According to CVE Details, 2016 was one of the worst years for PHP security vulnerabilities, with over 100 issues reported. These included DoS, code execution, overflow, memory corruption, XSS, directory traversal, bypass, and gain information types. 2017 was the third-worst year since 2,000, with over 40 vulnerabilities.
Even PHP themselves give some feedback about staying current:
PHP, like any other large system, is under constant scrutiny and improvement. Each new version will often include both major and minor changes to enhance security and repair any flaws, configuration mishaps, and other issues that will affect the overall security and stability of your system. Like other system-level scripting languages and programs, the best approach is to update often, and maintain awareness of the latest versions and their changes. PHP, Keeping Current
With the release of PHP 7.2 and PHP 7.3 came huge performance gains! So big in fact, that it should be a priority over a lot of the small optimizations you might playing around with on your WordPress site. The following benchmarks demonstrate significant performance improvements with PHP 7 over its previous iterations. PHP 7 allows the system to execute twice as many requests per second in comparison with the PHP 5.6, at almost half of the latency.
We also ran our own PHP benchmarks. And similarly to the benchmarks above, we saw that PHP 7.3 could execute almost three times as many transactions (requests) per second as compared to PHP 5.6. PHP 7.3 is also on average 9% faster than PHP 7.2.
- WordPress 5.0 PHP 5.6 benchmark: 91.64 req/sec
- WordPress 5.0 PHP 7.0 benchmark results: 206.71 req/sec
- WordPress 5.0 PHP 7.1 benchmark results: 210.98 req/sec
- WordPress 5.0 PHP 7.2 benchmark results: 229.18 req/sec
- WordPress 5.0 PHP 7.3 benchmark results: 253.20 req/sec 🏆
Christian Vigh also published a PHP performance comparison in which he found that PHP 5.2 was 400% slower than PHP 7.
Support is another reason why you want to use the latest and supported PHP versions. Many times, developers of plugins and themes can only extend support back for older versions so far. A lof this is due to time constraints and not having time to test compatibility. Things will eventually break when you run on old versions, and you can see this happening first hand in the WordPress forums. Here is a common error, which is typically caused by an older PHP version and how it treats a certain function:
Parse error: syntax error, unexpected ‘’ (T_VARIABLE), expecting function (T_FUNCTION) in /pub/file.php on line xxx
You can do a search in the WordPress forums for “unexpected T_Function” and it returns over 2,000 threads, many with results from within the last couple days. Here are just a couple recent ones, all due to running old versions of PHP:
Many of these threads are being opened due to the fact that they are running on outdated versions of PHP. However, the same could also be said for threads being open due to PHP 7 compatibility issues. Which shows that the WordPress development community is still trying to catch up with newer versions of PHP.
4. New Features for Developers
Most WordPress developers would prefer to only work on newer versions of PHP if they could, simply due to the fact that there have been so many new features added between PHP 5.2 and PHP 7.3. A few changes with PHP 7 and 7.3 include:
- Combined comparison operator
- Null coalesce operator
- New type hinting
- Anonymous classes
- Nullable types
- Iterable and void returns
- Multi-catch exception handling
- Keys usable in lists
- More negative string offsets
- Number operators and malformed numbers
- HTTP/2 server push
It’s no fun to support old versions of anything. Unfortunately, a lot of developers are stuck having to support a wide range of versions.
Make Sure Your Host Supports the Latest PHP Versions
It took a while, but the official WordPress.org requirements now recommend a host running PHP version 7 or greater.
Yoast just recently published a great article called “Whipping Your Host Into Shape.” In the article, Joost de Valk goes into detail about how the real issue is that hosting providers aren’t adopting this faster, and even if they are, they aren’t encouraging users to upgrade. And Yoast is going to do something about it. As of Yoast SEO 4.5, they are going to start showing a notice on the WordPress dashboard for sites running on PHP 5.2. This notice will be big, ugly, and non-dismissible.
If we could give Yoast a high five, we totally would! Kinsta has supported the latest stable versions of PHP 7.2, and 7.3 ever since their stable releases.
In fact, every fresh WordPress install here at Kinsta defaults to PHP 7.3. And PHP 5.6 is the minimum version we allow in our environment. Note: We will be phasing PHP 5.6 and 7.0 out soon. We do not and will never host WordPress sites that are running on an unsupported version of PHP. We encourage people to move to 7.3 for the best performance.
If your WordPress host is dragging their heels to release newer versions of PHP, we highly recommend you search for a new host. Feel free to contact us to see how we can help.
Check your Current Version of PHP
Perhaps you don’t know what version of PHP your WordPress site is currently on. Check out these different ways below to find out.
1. Check PHP Version with Pingdom
One of the easiest ways to check to see which version of PHP you are running is to use a tool like Pingdom or Google Chrome Devtools. The first HTTP request header will typically show you the version.
This relies on the host not modifying the
X-Powered-By header value. Some might strip this due to security concerns. If they do, you might not see your PHP version, in which case you would need to use the second option below. Or you can always reach out to your host and ask.
2. Check PHP Version With File
You can also check your PHP version by uploading a file via FTP to your server.
Create a blank file called phpinfo.php. In the file, paste the following contents:
<?php echo 'Current PHP version: ' . phpversion(); ?>
Upload the file to the root of your WordPress site.
Then browse to the location of your file, domain.com/phpinfo.php. You should then see a readout of your current PHP version.
What Should Less Tech-Savvy Users or Those Without a Budget Do?
We realize there are still thousands of WordPress sites out there that are incompatible with newer PHP versions, whether it be due to an old plugin or theme. The challenge is for the less tech-savvy users or those without a budget, what is the best course of action? We run into this all the time with clients who migrate to Kinsta and as PHP versions reach their EOL.
Here are some recommendations:
- This should be a given, but always update your plugins and themes to the latest version if you haven’t already.
- Reach out to the developer of the plugin or theme and ask them to add/fix support PHP 7.2 or 7.3 (or the current version you’re trying to update to). We give clients a heads up before phasing out PHP versions so they can have time to do this if needed. This is especially important for those without a budget to simply hire a developer.
- Find an alternative plugin that can deliver the same functionality and is compatible with the PHP version. Thanks to the massive WordPress repository and the thousands of premium plugins and themes out there, you can almost guarantee there is an alternative for everything.
- For those that have the budgets, hire a WordPress developer to fix the issue.
How to Update PHP
Ready to update? Great, but one of the very first things you should do is test your site to ensure compatibility. You could test your WordPress site locally or better yet, utilize a staging environment, as this will more closely resemble a live production site. It’s better to be safe than sorry!
If you are a Kinsta customer you can easily create a staging environment with a single click. Change the PHP version from the dashboard and start testing away.
And remember, if you are upgrading from an old version of PHP, ensure you are also upgrading your WordPress installation as well. A new version of PHP with a 2-year-old version of WordPress probably won’t end well. Once you have tested your site and are ready to update PHP, here are some resources to get you up and going fast.
Update PHP With Kinsta
If you are a Kinsta customer, you can easily change the version of PHP by clicking into your site, going to “Tools,” and selecting a different PHP Engine. We have PHP 5.6, 7.0, 7.1, 7.2, and 7.3 available. Note: We will be phasing out PHP 5.6 and 7.0 soon.
Update PHP from cPanel
If your host uses cPanel they most likely already have an option available to you to change your version of PHP. Simply login to cPanel and under the “Software” category click on “Select PHP Version.”
You can then select the PHP versions available to you that your host supports.
Update PHP Manually on Server
If you manage your own server, we recommend checking out the official PHP installation documentation as instructions will vary per operating system. You’ll want look at the changes with functions, classes, wrappers, extensions, modules, etc. Here are a few links to migration guides:
- Migrating from PHP 5.0.x to PHP 5.1.x
- Migrating from PHP 5.1.x to PHP 5.2.x
- Migrating from PHP 5.2.x to PHP 5.3.x
- Migrating from PHP 5.3.x to PHP 5.4.x
- Migrating from PHP 5.4.x to PHP 5.5.x
- Migrating from PHP 5.5.x to PHP 5.6.x
- Migrating from PHP 5.6.x to PHP 7.0.x
- Migrating from PHP 7.0.x to PHP 7.1.x
- Migrating from PHP 7.1.x to PHP 7.2.x
- Migrating from PHP 7.2.x to PHP 7.3.x
Now is the time to think about upgrading to PHP 7.3 if you haven’t already. Not only because you want to be running on supported software, but you are guaranteed performance benefits! If your current WordPress host doesn’t support PHP 7.3 yet, we strongly encourage you to seek out new hosting. And likewise with themes and plugins. If the developer has yet to release a patch, it might be time to find an alternative.
Have you recently migrated to PHP 7? We would love to hear your thoughts below. Was it an easy transition? Or perhaps you are still stuck waiting on a 3rd party.